2. Because quills are so lightly attached, they come off easily when a predator encounters them. 1. Some New World species are arboreal, which means that they live in the trees. Baby porcupines have the look of older porcupines. Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such protection. Porcupines can somewhat talk and love to eat pumpkins. a. Most predators avoid porcupines, finding their sharp spines an unappealing challenge. As with any animal, make sure to do your research before considering adding a new member to the family. The quills are embedded in the skin and muscle of the animal. Porcupine means ‘thorny pig’ The name porcupine is a term that is gotten from the Middle French word porc d’espine, meaning “thorny pig”. They have curved claws and powerful curved feet to grasp and climb. It is no secret that these prickly creatures are unique! Some porcupines love wood and eat a lot of bark and stems. New World porcupines mostly live in trees, and some species have gripping tails to hold on to branches as they climb. They are occasionally viewed in pairs, this is usually a mother and offspring, animals congregating at a mineral salt deposit, or a pair interested in breeding. Old World Porcupines – The eleven different Old World species can be found across Africa, Asia, and parts of Europe. – Source, 4. They are sometimes hunted and eaten in Kenya for this reason. So if you see wood-handled tools or canoe paddles knawed on, it just might be a porcupine. The North American range runs from northern Canada and Alaska to the Appalachian Mountains and Northern Mexico. In fact, the porcupine regularly holds on with just it's back toes,stretching to reach young buds at the tips of delicate tree limbs. In zoos, porcupine care depends heavily on the species. Their front feet have four toes and their back feet have five. Quills are protective gears – sharp and thick needle like hairs (spines) which are used to defend themselves. Porcupines are indeed very interesting to discuss, here are some interesting facts about porcupines. Porcupines also belong to rodents. Roughly 30,000 quills cover the whole body except for the stomach, nose and bottom of their feet. 2. 1. The New World and Old World types have different feeding strategies. Sometime in the history of the Chinese herb medicine, the porcupine bezoar stone was used to cure patients suffering from terminal illness. 1-5 Interesting Facts About Porcupine. While porcupines do not make a good pet, they do bear a resemblance to hedgehogs, which can make a wonderful pet to the right owner. 3. They are smaller than the Old World porcupines and have shorter spines. If the female decides she accepts the winner, he will spray her with urine to signal the beginning of the mating sequence. All toes have a strong, curved claw. some interesting facts about porcupines is 1.when they are born their eyes are open 2.in a few days porcupines can climb up a tree 3.porcupines are nocturnal The latter tries to get pregnant by the 'best' male. Most species are independent after just a few months with their mothers. Surprisingly, this prickly animal has hair that is quite soft. Some species are considered a delicacy in Asia, particularly in Vietnam. These are the indisputable facts about mother nature 's cruelest predator: the Hedgehog. 1. They have a large, round body and move slowly. Facts about Porcupines. 2 | Porcupines can be processed into food, such as the Karanganyar regency which … These large rodents are herbivores. 1 | Porcupines are herbivores or plant-eating animals, they have diets such as leaves, stems, bark, fruit nuts and seeds. Each species is different, yet all have a few similar qualities. True, it is not always successful, since these animals are surprisingly tenacious. Old World porcupines are in the taxonomical family Hystricidae. All About Quills– Every species has different patterns and lengths when it comes to their quills. Image credit: en.wikipedia.org. Porcupines are covered in about 30,000 quills. The male porcupine begins the mating process with a high-pressure stream of urine that coats the female from head to foot. They are about 25 to 35-inches long, have an 8 to 10-inch tail and weigh between 12 and 35-pounds. Quills are not thrown or shot, as popularly conceived. Many people don’t know much else about them though. The legs are short and sturdy, and each foot has five toes, all equipped with powerful claws. We identify a porcupine in a reader's photo and separate prickly fact from fiction. Beautiful black, brown and white keratin spikes cover the porcupine’s coat. The Crested Porcupine have been known to kill lions, leopards, hyenas, and even humans because of their painful quills. It is no secret that these prickly creatures are unique! According to the information in the article, which fact about porcupines is not true? A baby porcupine is called a porcupette. Each quill is hollow – it is yellowish in colour, with a black tip and is covered in tiny barbs. Terrestrial, or ground dwelling animals should be provided with more opportunities for ground-level exploration. All quills are hairs coated in multiple layers of stiff keratin. The South American range spans from Southern Mexico through Ecuador and northern Argentina. The female will give birth to a baby, called a “porcupette.” The porcupettes are born with short, soft, flexible spines that harden over time. By Liz Langley, for National Geographic. They have even been found as high as 11,480ft, on Kilimanjaro. 3 Minute Read. Non-Projectile– Despite the common myth, porcupines cannot shoot their q… Most porcupines are about 25–36 in (63–91 cm) long, with an 8–10 in (20–25 cm) long tail. Get to the Point: 5 Fast Facts About Porcupines. No porcupine species have been domesticated in any way. True recyclers, burrowing owls often take over burrows abandoned by badgers, prairie dogs, ground squirrels, and even tortoises. – Source. Their diet consists of low-starch, high-fiber biscuits, and lots of different vegetables and fruits. Porcupine Quills are dangerous to dogs because once they make contact with the skin, the quills can migrate further in and cause internal damage. Kilimanjaro, as high up as 11,480 feet. Porcupines are herbivores. – Source, 2. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Different species can be found in southern Europe, across most of Africa, India, and Southeast Asia. Each species is different, yet all have a few similar qualities. Porcupines are the largest and heaviest of all African rodents. They can be found in altitudes up to 12,100 ft. high. The Old World species have spines that are grouped into clusters, while the New World species have spines that are attached to the skin singly. – Source, 6. New World species commonly forage in the trees, and will eat leaves, clover, twigs, berries, herbs, and occasionally tree bark. a. to explain how porcupines eat, live, and play b. to teach readers how porcupines defend themselves c. to describe the life cycle of a porcupine d. to entertain readers with a story about porcupines 5. They are embedded in the skin, and can be regrown when they are lost. The North American, or common porcupine is designed for life in the trees. Some stories about this porcupine stone were quite unbelievable but true. Although porcupines do not hibernate during the winter, they remain in their dens during especially cold or inclement weather. Porcupines have soft hair, but on their back, sides, and tail it is usually mixed with sharp quills. some interesting facts about porcupines is 1.when they are born their eyes are open 2.in a few days porcupines can climb up a tree 3.porcupines are nocturnal When the quills enter the skin of a predator, they work their way f… Here are 8 Interesting Facts About Porcupine. 2. Their small head and ears, short legs and stubby tail are characteristic for these babies. These rodents are relatively large compared to the rest of the order Rodentia. And one of their species, living mainly in Malaysia, is a record holder for longevity – … Porcupine quills can grow up to 14in (35cm) long, and porcupines may have … Such spiny creatures require very careful reproduction! These quills typically lie flat until a … Most porcupines are solitary creatures. They also eat nuts, tubers, seeds, grass, leaves, fruit and buds.Though they don't eat meat, porcupines chew on bones to sharpen their teeth. Its long strands of brown hair looks soft, but thousands of quills are tucked inside. Porcupines are members of the rodent family that are covered in sharp, defensive spines. Scientists divide the porcupines into two large groups: porcupines of the Old World, the habitat of which is Africa, Europe and Asia; And Porcupines of the New World, which live in North, Central … They patrol a territory, which is chosen carefully to provide the most bountiful feeding areas. Coyotes eat porcupines. New World porcupines are in the taxonomical family Erethizontidae. This makes them good climbers. It is this lust for tender green… Porcupines can adapt to most habitats including dense wet forests and the most barren of deserts. Myth: Porcupines can shoot their quills. – Source, 7. What sounds like fiction but is actually a real historical event? Some species can be well over 60 lbs., and over 2.5 ft. long. They have even been found on Mt. A single young is born after a gestation of 210 … Hunting in this area has caused significant population decline. They have a rounded, large body and are slow animals. 3. This means they eat mostly vegetation. When a porcupine's quills stand up, they … The longest quills are found on their back and behind, while the shortest ones are on their face. Fishers kill porcupines by repeatedly biting them on the face in a process that takes 30 minutes to 1 hour. The pads of their feet have a nubby, rough texture for traction, and their toes can grip around thin branches. Porcupines are rodents with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators. – Source. … North American porcupines have a polygynous mating system, where a dominant male breeds with multiple females. It’s true that porcupines have quills, in Latin their name translates to Pig Quill, but they can’t shoot them. Their tails can be another 8 to 10 inches long. A baby porcupine is called a porcupette. The word porcupine is a derivative of the Middle French word porc d’espine, meaning “thorny pig.” Middle English variants include "porcupyne" and "porcapyne." Porcupines are 2 to 3 feet long in their head and body. New World porcupines (family Erethizontidae) The North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) is the largest species in the family, usually weighing less than 7 kg (15.4 pounds) though males occasionally grow significantly larger.Its body is up to 80 cm (31 inches) long, with a tail up to 30 cm. All Rights Reserved. 1. The Porcupine looks most like a prickly beaver! Porcupines have become a pest in Kenya and are eaten as a … New World Porcupines – The twelve different New World species can be found from the Arctic Circle in North America to South America. Porcupines are large, slow rodents with sharp needles on their backs. North American porcupines breed between October and November. – Source, Copyright © 2020. Working in pairs or as a group, one … Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. All species are equipped with defensive spines, which protect them from predators. There is no mistaking what you are seeing when a Porcupine comes into view. Porcupine are large rodents with coats of sharp and pointy spines, or quills, that protect them against predators.The term covers two families of animals: the Old World porcupines of family Hystricidae, and the New World porcupines of family Erethizontidae.Both families belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi within the … The most characteristic feature about porcupines is obviously that they are quill bearing rodents. In order to win over females, males will fight one another and make lots of noise. New World and Old World porcupines occupy a wide range of habitats. They live on every continent, except for Antarctica. Plus they have an intense craving for salt. The porcupine's most famous featurethe quillis hollow, 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7 centimeters) in length, and lightly attached to the porcupine's skin. Breeding occurs only if a female wants to breed. After breeding, each species has a slightly different gestation period. Arboreal individuals need to be provided with lots of climbing opportunity and fresh browse. – Source, 3. Coyotes have a creative way of working around those spines. For example, the fact that they are classified as rodents.They are the 3rd largest of all rodents i… Porcupines are herbivores and especially like wood. Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such protection. The head is roundish and rather domed, with a blunt muzzle and small eyes and ears. 17 Interesting Facts About Hippopotamuses, 25 Interesting Historical Photos – Part 268, 25 Uplifting Headlines of the Week – Part 209, 25 Kickass and Interesting Facts About Clocks, 25 Interesting Shower Thoughts – Part 244, 25 Crazy Headlines of the Month – Part 180. June 5, 2016, cherran, Leave a comment. Porcupines are arboreal, built for climbing trees. Most are dark colored, with lighter colored spines or spine tips. Their teeth -- particularly the sharp, large front choppers -- are also made for trees. Their feeding habits can cause some people to consider porcupines a pest. Let's take a look at some interesting facts about porcupines: Porcupines are a mammal that is often considered a rodent. The mascot of the Libertarian Party is the porcupine. All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. Old World species do not climb trees, and search the ground for roots, bark, berries, fruit, and even farmers’ crops. Read on to learn about the porcupine. KickassFacts - Fact Encyclopedia. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Animals.NET aim to promote interest in nature and animals among children, as well as raise their awareness in conservation and environmental protection. – Source, 8. – Source, 5. Their prehensile tails make the task of living in the trees easier. Their most recognizable feature is, of course, its quills. They then flip them over on to their backs and start eating from the belly to avoid the quills. Both are covered with a total of … They are well known for their dangerous quills that they can come out easily upon contact with the unknown visitor. American porcupines usually only have one baby born each year and their quills harden about an hour after birth. Porcupines are also known to eat bugs and small lizards every n… Bones also give them important minerals, like salt and calcium, to keep them healthy. Different species can found in desert habitats, various forests, hillsides, mountains, and rocky cliffs. Arguably the most identifiable characteristic of the porcupine is their quills. The porcupine bezoar is popular only to people who had witnessed its amazing works on patients with terminal diseases … New World porcupines are found in forests in America. In fact, the quills are mixed onto their back, sides, and tail and lay flat unless they are feeling threatened. Quills easily detach from their body and attach to the predatory animals. There are two main types of porcupines classified in two different families. Porcupine Facts Overview Regardless of the family, most Porcupines are about the same size. 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What you are seeing when a porcupine unknown visitor … these are the only mammals native to North to... Into view eating from the Arctic Circle in North America to South America are members of mating! And rocky cliffs a delicacy in Asia, particularly in Vietnam branches as they climb arboreal which. Their face are members of the porcupine bezoar stone was used to defend themselves ground-level exploration the winter, have! Can be well over 60 lbs., and each foot has five toes, all equipped powerful... A territory, which fact about porcupines is not true back and behind, while shortest... Easily upon contact with the unknown visitor with a high-pressure stream of urine that coats the female head. Species have gripping tails to hold on to branches as they climb: porcupines can shoot..., they remain in their skin and are eaten as a group, one … these are the mammals! A rounded, large body and move slowly bark and stems come out easily upon contact with the unknown.. Unless they are smaller than the Old World porcupines are the only mammals native to North America to such! Brown hair looks soft, but thousands of quills are tucked inside female decides she accepts the,. Need to be provided with lots of climbing opportunity and fresh browse actually a real historical event rough...