Nerve cells. Xylem cells. Animals tend to have many more cell types than plants, according to North Carolina State University, because they are more complex organisms that have to perform more functions in order to stay alive. 3. produce mucus which lines the respiratory tract and traps bacteria and other particles in the air. Once students have mastered basic cells, they should move on to specialized cells and their specific functions. Terms in this set (11) Specialized cells. The breakdown of nutrients in the stomach requires specialized cells that secrete digestive enzymes and gastric juices. Animal Specialized Cells 1. The stomach contains four layers, the inner most layer is the mucosa, which is made for the specialized functions of the stomach. Quiz & Worksheet Goals. Cells that perform a certain function. Xylem vessels are made up of a series of connected dead xylem cells. Stem cells can divide and replicate many times in order to replenish and repair tissue. There are at least 200 different cell types in the human body. Specialized Cells, Biology 1. Cell organisation. Cells that act like "telephone wires" that carry messages or impulses from one part of the body to another part. Each cell has adaptations that allow it to work effectively within living things. Credit: Science Photo Library - STEVE GSCHMEISSNER/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images. White blood cells. Goblet Cells . Specialized cells work together toward a common goal, and different groups of specialized cells create the whole organism. In multicellular animals and plants, groups of specialised cells work together to create more complex structures:. SpecializedCells 2. The end walls of the dead cells are broken to allow water to move through. These enzymes include pepsin (which works with proteins), hydrochloric acid (which works with the pepsin), and rennin (which works with milk). Stem cells are unique in that they originate as unspecialized cells and have the ability to develop into specialized cells that can be used to build specific organs or tissues. cells on the outside of the respiratory epithelium which use cilia to move mucus and particles out of the respiratory tract to be coughed out. Red Blood Cell 2. Differentiation allows cells to develop into the four major tissue types: epithelial tissue, nervous tissue, connective tissue and muscle tissue. A substance called lignin strengthens the cell walls of xylem cells. Some that you'll need to know best include specialized blood cells, specialized nerve cells and specialized muscle cells. Specialized Cells Plant’s and animal’s cells are specialized to carry their job efficiently. The role of different, specialized cells. Stem cells Before a cell becomes specialised, it first starts out as a stem cell. Specialized cells are cells that have a particular adaptation to preform a special task. The human body contains hundred of different types of cells that each serve a different purpose. Cells are the building blocks of all living things. White blood Cell … Cell type % cell count: Erythrocytes (red blood cells) 84.0 Platelets 4.9 Bone marrow cells 2.5 Vascular endothelial cells 2.1 Lymphocytes 1.5 Hepatocytes ... Gland of Moll cell in eyelid (specialized sweat gland) Sebaceous gland cell (lipid-rich sebum secretion) Bowman's gland cell … Basal Cells . The xylem is specialised to transport water up the stem of a plant and into the leaves. The unique feature of stem cells is that they are pluripotent - they have the potential to become any type of cell in the body.These incredible cells are the ancestors of all cells in the body, from simple skin cells to complex neurons.Without these cells, we wouldn't be as complex or functional as human beings. The quiz asks questions about the functions of particular specialized cells. Pluripotent stem cell. 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